Citations for Income By Zip Code List Vintage: Current

Applies to Income By Zip Code List reports purchased December 18, 2023 to today.

Your data are from the US Census’ most current 2022 American Community Survey (ACS) dataset. Learn more about the American Community Survey.

2 MOST COMMON QUESTIONS

Why are zip codes missing?

An office building, IRS location, or post office can have its own zip code. And since these zips have no residents, the Census Bureau can’t provide demographics for them. But there is a workaround to get you demographics for these “missing” zips, and you can read more at Why is zip code X missing? Or what is a ZCTA, and how is it different from a zip code?

Why are there $-1s in the file?

The "$-1s" are jam values and are used when data are not available. Learn more about why the American Community Survey contains jam values.

CUT AND PASTEABLE CITATIONS

2022 TIGER/Line Shapefiles (machine-readable data files) / prepared by the U.S. Census Bureau, 2022

United States Census Bureau. “B19001 HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2022 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS).” 2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Office. Web. 07 December 2023. <ftp.census.gov>.

United States Census Bureau. “B19013 MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2022 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS).” 2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Office. Web. 07 December 2023. <ftp.census.gov>.

United States Census Bureau. “B19049 MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2022 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS) BY AGE OF HOUSEHOLDER.” 2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Office. Web. 07 December 2023. <ftp.census.gov>.

United States Census Bureau. “B19301 PER CAPITA INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2022 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS).” 2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Office. Web. 07 December 2023. <ftp.census.gov>.

United States Census Bureau. “DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS.” 2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Office. Web. 07 December 2023. <ftp.census.gov>.

HEADERS & DEFINITIONS

Geography

Headers Note Database Headers Old Database Headers
Zip (ZCTA) See this FAQ for details about zips & ZCTAs. name -
State The state that the zip/ZCTA is in. state state_name
County The county or counties that the zip/ZCTA intersects. county county_name
City The city or cities that the zip/ZCTA intersects. city city_name
Land Area (square meters) An area measurement providing the size, in square meters, of the land portions of geographic entities for which the Census Bureau tabulates and disseminates data. aland_sq_m aland
GEOID A numeric code that uniquely identify each legal or statistical geographic area for which the Census Bureau tabulates data. geoid -

Median Household Income

In the past 12 months in 2022 inflation-adjusted dollars

Universe: Households

"Money income" is the income received on a regular basis (exclusive of certain money receipts such as capital gains and lump-sum payments) before payments for personal income taxes, social security, union dues, medicare deductions, etc. It includes income received from wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, and tips; self-employment income from own nonfarm or farm businesses, including proprietorships and partnerships; interest, dividends, net rental income, royalty income, or income from estates and trusts; Social Security or Railroad Retirement income; Supplemental Security Income (SSI); any cash public assistance or welfare payments from the state or local welfare office; retirement, survivor, or disability benefits; and any other sources of income received regularly such as Veterans' (VA) payments, unemployment and/or worker's compensation, child support, and alimony.

The median income divides the income distribution into two equal groups, one having incomes above the median, and other having incomes below the median.

Between 2018 and 2019 the American Community Survey retirement income question changed. These changes resulted in an increase in both the number of households reporting retirement income and higher aggregate retirement income at the national level. For more information see Changes to the Retirement Income Question.

Headers Database Headers Old Database Headers
Estimate mhhi median_household_income
Margin of Error mhhi_moe median_household_income_moe

Mean Income

In 2022 inflation-adjusted dollars

Universe: Households

Mean income is the amount obtained by dividing the total income of a particular statistical universe by the number of units in that universe. Thus, mean household income is obtained by dividing total household income by the total number of households. For the various types of income, the means are based on households having those types of income. See the definition of income above.

Headers Database Headers Old Database Headers
Estimate avg_hhi average_household_income
Margin of Error avg_hhi_moe average_household_income_moe

Per Capita Income

In the past 12 months in 2022 inflation-adjusted dollars

Universe: Households

Per capita income is the mean income computed for every man, woman, and child in a particular group. It is derived by dividing the total income of a particular group by the total population. See the definition of income above.

Headers Database Headers Old Database Headers
Estimate pc_income per_capita_income
Margin of Error pc_income_moe per_capita_income_moe

High Income Households ($200K+)

Percent of households with incomes of $200,000 or more

Headers Database Headers Old Database Headers
Estimate pct_hh_w_income_200k_plus percent_of_households_with_incomes_200000_or_more
Margin of error pct_hh_w_income_200k_plus_moe percent_of_households_with_incomes_200000_or_more

Median Household Income by Age of Householder

A householder is "the person, or one of the people, in whose name the home is owned, being bought, or rented." See the definition of income above.

Headers Database Headers Old Database Headers
Householder under 25 Years mhhi_hhldr_u25 householder_under_25_years
mhhi_hhldr_u25_moe householder_under_25_years_moe
Householder 25 to 44 Years mhhi_hhldr_25_44 householder_25_to_44_years
mhhi_hhldr_25_44_moe householder_25_to_44_years_moe
Householder 45 to 64 Years mhhi_hhldr_45_64 householder_45_to_64_years
mhhi_hhldr_45_64_moe householder_45_to_64_years_moe
Householder 65+ Years mhhi_hhldr_65_plus householder_65_years_and_over
mhhi_hhldr_65_plus_moe householder_65_years_and_over_moe

Household Income Distribution

In the past 12 months (in 2022 inflation adjusted dollars). See the definition of income above.

The universe is households. A household includes all the people who occupy a housing unit (such as a house or apartment) as their usual place of residence. A household includes the related family members and all the unrelated people, if any, such as lodgers, foster children, wards, or employees who share the housing unit. A person living alone in a housing unit, or a group of unrelated people sharing a housing unit such as partners or roomers, is also counted as a household.

Headers Database Headers Old Database Headers
Households hhi_total_hh hhi_total
Less than $25,000 hhi_hh_w_lt_25k hhi_lt_25k
$25,000 to $49,999 hhi_hh_w_25k_49k hhi_25k_to_49k
$50,000 to $74,999 hhi_hh_w_50k_74k hhi_50k_to_749k
$75,000 to $99,999 hhi_hh_w_75k_99k hhi_75k_to_999k
$100,000 to $149,999 hhi_hh_w_100k_149k hhi_100k_to_1490k
$150,000 to $199,999 hhi_hh_w_150k_199k hhi_150k_to_1999k
$200,000+ hhi_hh_w_200k_plus hhi_200k_or_more

NOTES FROM THE US CENSUS BUREAU

Although the American Community Survey (ACS) produces population, demographic and housing unit estimates, the decennial census is the official source of population totals for April 1st of each decennial year. In between censuses, the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program produces and disseminates the official estimates of the population for the nation, states, counties, cities, and towns and estimates of housing units for states and counties.

Information about the American Community Survey (ACS) can be found on the ACS website. Supporting documentation including code lists, subject definitions, data accuracy, and statistical testing, and a full list of ACS tables and table shells (without estimates) can be found on the Technical Documentation section of the ACS website.

Sample size and data quality measures (including coverage rates, allocation rates, and response rates) can be found on the American Community Survey website in the Methodology section.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2018-2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see ACS Technical Documentation). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these tables.

The 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS) data generally reflect the March 2020 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) delineations of metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas. In certain instances, the names, codes, and boundaries of the principal cities shown in ACS tables may differ from the OMB delineation lists due to differences in the effective dates of the geographic entities.

Estimates of urban and rural populations, housing units, and characteristics reflect boundaries of urban areas defined based on Census 2020 data. As a result, data for urban and rural areas from the ACS do not necessarily reflect the results of ongoing urbanization.

Additional Help and Resources

You can access our Frequently Asked Questions to find answers to your questions. Some of the most popular questions are:

Where does the income data come from?

How do I know if this data is any good?

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