Citations for Demographics by City, County or Zip Report Vintage: Current

Applies to Demographics by City, Demographics by County, Demographics by Zip Codes reports purchased December 18, 2023 to today.

Your data are from the US Census’ most current 2022 American Community Survey (ACS) dataset. Learn more about the American Community Survey.

2 MOST COMMON QUESTIONS

Why are zip codes missing?

An office building, IRS location, or post office can have its own zip code. And since these zips have no residents, the Census Bureau can’t provide demographics for them. But there is a workaround to get you demographics for these “missing” zips, and you can read more at Why is zip code X missing? Or what is a ZCTA, and how is it different from a zip code?

Why are there $-1s in the file?

The "$-1s" are jam values and are used when data are not available. Learn more about why the American Community Survey contains jam values.

CUT AND PASTEABLE CITATIONS

2022 TIGER/Line Shapefiles (machine-readable data files) / prepared by the U.S. Census Bureau, 2022

United States Census Bureau. “B01001 SEX BY AGE.” 2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Office. Web. 07 December 2023. <ftp.census.gov>.

United States Census Bureau. “B01002 MEDIAN AGE BY SEX.” 2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Office. Web. 07 December 2023. <ftp.census.gov>.

United States Census Bureau. “B03002 HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY RACE.” 2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Office. Web. 07 December 2023. <ftp.census.gov>.

United States Census Bureau. “B11001 HOUSEHOLD TYPE (INCLUDING LIVING ALONE).” 2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Office. Web. 07 December 2023. <ftp.census.gov>.

United States Census Bureau. “B11003 FAMILY TYPE BY PRESENCE AND AGE OF OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS.” 2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Office. Web. 07 December 2023. <ftp.census.gov>.

United States Census Bureau. “B15003 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT FOR THE POPULATION 25 YEARS AND OVER.” 2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Office. Web. 07 December 2023. <ftp.census.gov>.

United States Census Bureau. “B17010 POVERTY STATUS IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS OF FAMILIES BY FAMILY TYPE BY PRESENCE OF RELATED CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS BY AGE OF RELATED CHILDREN.” 2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Office. Web. 07 December 2023. <ftp.census.gov>.

United States Census Bureau. “B19001 HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2022 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS).” 2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Office. Web. 07 December 2023. <ftp.census.gov>.

United States Census Bureau. “B19013 MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2022 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS).” 2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Office. Web. 07 December 2023. <ftp.census.gov>.

United States Census Bureau. “B23025 EMPLOYMENT STATUS FOR THE POPULATION 16 YEARS AND OVER.” 2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Office. Web. 07 December 2023. <ftp.census.gov>.

United States Census Bureau. “B25001 HOUSING UNITS.” 2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Office. Web. 07 December 2023. <ftp.census.gov>.

United States Census Bureau. “B25003 TENURE.” 2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Office. Web. 07 December 2023. <ftp.census.gov>.

United States Census Bureau. “B25077 MEDIAN VALUE (DOLLARS).” 2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Office. Web. 07 December 2023. <ftp.census.gov>.

HEADERS & DEFINITIONS

Geography

Headers Note Database Headers Old Database Headers
Geography The name of the county, city or zip code/ZCTA. name -
State The state that the geography is in. state state_name
County The county or counties that the geography intersects. county county_name
City The city or cities that the geography intersects. city city_name
Land Area (square meters) An area measurement providing the size, in square meters, of the land portions of geographic entities for which the Census Bureau tabulates and disseminates data. aland_sq_m aland
GEOID A numeric code that uniquely identify each legal or statistical geographic area for which the Census Bureau tabulates data. geoid -

Population

Universe: Total population

Most Current Population Year is the most recent year for which population data is available.

Population Density is the total population within a geographic entity (for example, United States, state, county, place) divided by the land area of that entity measured in square miles. Density is expressed as "people per square mile" of land area.

Headers Database Headers Old Database Headers
Most Current Population Year most_current_pop_year best_population_year
Population population -
Population Density (square miles) pop_dens_sq_mi population_density_sq_mi

Median Household Income

In the past 12 months (in 2022 inflation-adjusted dollars)

Universe: Households

"Money income" is the income received on a regular basis (exclusive of certain money receipts such as capital gains and lump-sum payments) before payments for personal income taxes, social security, union dues, medicare deductions, etc. It includes income received from wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, and tips; self-employment income from own nonfarm or farm businesses, including proprietorships and partnerships; interest, dividends, net rental income, royalty income, or income from estates and trusts; Social Security or Railroad Retirement income; Supplemental Security Income (SSI); any cash public assistance or welfare payments from the state or local welfare office; retirement, survivor, or disability benefits; and any other sources of income received regularly such as Veterans' (VA) payments, unemployment and/or worker's compensation, child support, and alimony.

The median income divides the income distribution into two equal groups, one having incomes above the median, and other having incomes below the median.

Between 2018 and 2019 the American Community Survey retirement income question changed. These changes resulted in an increase in both the number of households reporting retirement income and higher aggregate retirement income at the national level. For more information see Changes to the Retirement Income Question.

Headers Database Headers Old Database Headers
Estimate mhhi median_household_income

Household Income Distribution

In the past 12 months (in 2022 inflation-adjusted dollars)

Universe: Households

A household includes all the people who occupy a housing unit (such as a house or apartment) as their usual place of residence. A household includes the related family members and all the unrelated people, if any, such as lodgers, foster children, wards, or employees who share the housing unit. A person living alone in a housing unit, or a group of unrelated people sharing a housing unit such as partners or roomers, is also counted as a household. See the definition of income above.

Headers Database Headers Old Database Headers
Households hhi_total_hh hhi_total
Less than $25,000 hhi_hh_w_lt_25k hhi_lt_25k
$25,000 to $49,999 hhi_hh_w_25k_49k hhi_25k_to_49k
$50,000 to $74,999 hhi_hh_w_50k_74k hhi_50k_to_749k
$75,000 to $99,999 hhi_hh_w_75k_99k hhi_75k_to_999k
$100,000 to $149,999 hhi_hh_w_100k_149k hhi_100k_to_1490k
$150,000 to $199,999 hhi_hh_w_150k_199k hhi_150k_to_1999k
$200,000+ hhi_hh_w_200k_plus hhi_200k_or_more

Race & Ethnicity

Universe: Total population

The U.S. Census Bureau collects race data in accordance with guidelines provided by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB), and these data are based on self-identification. The racial categories included in the census questionnaire generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country and not an attempt to define race biologically, anthropologically, or genetically. In addition, it is recognized that the categories of the race question include race and national origin or sociocultural groups. OMB requires that race data be collected for a minimum of five groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander. OMB permits the Census Bureau to also use a sixth category – Some Other Race. Respondents may report more than one race.

The U.S. Census Bureau adheres to the U.S. Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) definition of ethnicity. There are two minimum categories for ethnicity: Hispanic or Latino and Not Hispanic or Latino. OMB considers race and Hispanic origin to be two separate and distinct concepts. Hispanics and Latinos may be of any race.

The Hispanic origin and race codes were updated in 2020. For more information on the Hispanic origin and race code changes, please visit the American Community Survey Technical Documentation website.

White. A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa. It includes people who indicate their race as "White" or report entries such as Irish, German, Italian, Lebanese, Arab, Moroccan, or Caucasian.

Black or African American. A person having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. It includes people who indicate their race as "Black or African American," or report entries such as African American, Kenyan, Nigerian, or Haitian.

American Indian or Alaska Native. A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment. This category includes people who indicate their race as "American Indian or Alaska Native" or report entries such as Navajo, Blackfeet, Inupiat, Yup'ik, or Central American Indian groups or South American Indian groups.

Asian. A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent, including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam. This includes people who reported detailed Asian responses such as:

  • Asian Indian
  • Bangladeshi
  • Bhutanese
  • Burmese
  • Cambodian
  • Chinese
  • Filipino
  • Hmong
  • Indonesian
  • Japanese
  • Korean
  • Laotian
  • Malaysian
  • Nepalese
  • Pakistani
  • Sri Lankan
  • Taiwanese
  • Thai
  • Vietnamese
  • Other Asian, specified
  • Other Asian, not specified
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands. This includes people who reported detailed Pacific Islander responses such as:
  • Fijian
  • Guamanian or Chamorro
  • Marshallese
  • Native Hawaiian
  • Other Micronesian
  • Other Pacific Islander, not specified
  • Other Polynesian
  • Samoan
Some Other Race. Includes all other responses not included in the "White," "Black or African American," "American Indian or Alaska Native," "Asian," and "Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander" race categories. Respondents reporting entries such as multiracial, mixed, interracial, or a Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish group (for example, Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, or Spanish) in response to the race question are included in this category.

Two or More Races. People may choose to provide two or more races either by checking two or more race response check boxes, by providing multiple responses, or by some combination of check boxes and other responses. The race response categories shown on the questionnaire are collapsed into the five minimum race groups identified by OMB and the Census Bureau's "Some Other Race" category. For data product purposes, "Two or More Races" refers to combinations of two or more of the following race categories:
  • White
  • Black or African American
  • American Indian or Alaska Native
  • Asian
  • Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
  • Some Other Race
Hispanic or Latino. The U.S. Census Bureau adheres to the U.S. Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) definition of ethnicity. There are two minimum categories for ethnicity: Hispanic or Latino and Not Hispanic or Latino. OMB considers race and Hispanic origin to be two separate and distinct concepts. Hispanics and Latinos may be of any race.

Headers Database Headers Old Database Headers
Population race_ethnicity_total race_and_ethnicity_total
White race_ethnicity_white race_and_ethnicity_white
Black race_ethnicity_black race_and_ethnicity_black
Native race_ethnicity_native race_and_ethnicity_native
Asian race_ethnicity_asian race_and_ethnicity_asian
Islander race_ethnicity_islander race_and_ethnicity_islander
Other race_ethnicity_other race_and_ethnicity_other
Two or More race_ethnicity_two race_and_ethnicity_two
Hispanic race_ethnicity_hispanic race_and_ethnicity_hispanic

Age & Sex

Universe: Total population

For the purpose of Census Bureau surveys and the decennial census, sex refers to a person's biological sex.

Headers Database Headers Old Database Headers
Total age_total -
Female - 0 to 9 Years age_f_0_9 age_female_0_to_9
Female - 10 to 19 Years age_f_10_19 age_female_10_to_19
Female - 20 to 29 Years age_f_20_29 age_female_20_to_29
Female - 30 to 39 Years age_f_30_39 age_female_30_to_39
Female - 40 to 49 Years age_f_40_49 age_female_40_to_49
Female - 50 to 59 Years age_f_50_59 age_female_50_to_59
Female - 60 to 69 Years age_f_60_69 age_female_60_to_69
Female - 70+ Years age_f_70_plus age_female_70_plus
Male - 0 to 9 Years age_m_0_9 age_male_0_to_9
Male - 10 to 19 Years age_m_10_19 age_male_10_to_19
Male - 20 to 29 Years age_m_20_29 age_male_20_to_29
Male - 30 to 39 Years age_m_30_39 age_male_30_to_39
Male - 40 to 49 Years age_m_40_49 age_male_40_to_49
Male - 50 to 59 Years age_m_50_59 age_male_50_to_59
Male - 60 to 69 Years age_m_60_69 age_male_60_to_69
Male - 70+ Years age_m_70_plus age_male_70_plus

Median Age

Universe: Total population

The median age is the age at the midpoint of the population. Half of the population is older than the median age and half of the population is younger.

Headers Database Headers Old Database Headers
Median Age median_age -

Educational Attainment

Universe: Population 25 years and over

Refers to the highest level of education completed in terms of the highest degree or the highest level of schooling completed.

Headers Database Headers Old Database Headers
Population 25+ Years edu_att_pop_25_plus educational_attainment_population_25_years_and_over
No Diploma edu_att_no_diploma educational_attainment_no_diploma
High School edu_att_high_school educational_attainment_high_school
Some College edu_att_some_college educational_attainment_some_college
Bachelors Degree edu_att_bachelors educational_attainment_bachelors
Graduate Degree edu_att_graduate educational_attainment_graduate

Poverty

Universe: Families

A family includes a householder and one or more people living in the same household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption. All people in a household who are related to the householder are regarded as members of his or her family. The categories for relationship to householder were revised in 2019. For more information see Revisions to the Relationship to Household item.

Following the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB's) Directive 14, the Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who is in poverty. If the total income for a family or unrelated individual falls below the relevant poverty threshold, then the family (and every individual in it) or unrelated individual is considered in poverty.

Headers Database Headers Old Database Headers
Family Households family_hh_total family_households_total
Family Poverty family_poverty_pct -

Unemployment

Universe: Civilian Population 16 years and over

All people classified in the civilian labor force excluding members of the U.S. Armed Forces (people on active duty with the United States Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard). The civilian labor force consists of people classified as employed or unemployed.

All civilians 16 years old and over are classified as unemployed if they (1) were neither "at work" nor "with a job but not at work" during the reference week, and (2) were actively looking for work during the last 4 weeks, and (3) were available to accept a job. Also included as unemployed are civilians who did not work at all during the reference week, were waiting to be called back to a job from which they had been laid off, and were available for work except for temporary illness.

Unemployment Rate represents the number of unemployed people as a percentage of the civilian labor force.

Headers Database Headers Old Database Headers
Civilian Labor Force 16+ Years emp_status_civ_labor_force employment_status_civilian_labor_force
Unemployment Rate unemployment_pct -

Housing Units

Universe: Housing units

A house, an apartment, a mobile home or trailer, a group of rooms, or a single room occupied as separate living quarters, or if vacant, intended for occupancy as separate living quarters. Separate living quarters are those in which the occupants live separately from any other individuals in the building and which have direct access from outside the building or through a common hall. For vacant units, the criteria of separateness and direct access are applied to the intended occupants whenever possible.

Occupied. A housing unit is classified as occupied if it is the usual place of residence of the person or group of people living in it at the time of enumeration.

Owner-Occupied. A housing unit is owner occupied if the owner or co-owner lives in the unit even if it is mortgaged or not fully paid for.

Renter-Occupied. All occupied units which are not owner occupied, whether they are rented for cash rent or occupied without payment of cash rent, are classified as renter-occupied.

Median Value of Owner-Occupied Units. Value is the respondent's estimate of how much the property (house and lot, mobile home and lot, or condominium unit) would sell for if it were for sale. Median value calculations are rounded to the nearest hundred dollars.

Headers Database Headers Old Database Headers
Total housing_units -
Occupied occupied_units -
Owner-Occupied owner_occupied -
Renter-Occupied renter_occupied -
Median Value of Owner-Occupied Units median_value_owner_occupied_units median_value_of_owner_occupied_units

Households

Universe: Households

A household includes all the people who occupy a housing unit (such as a house or apartment) as their usual place of residence. A household includes the related family members and all the unrelated people, if any, such as lodgers, foster children, wards, or employees who share the housing unit. A person living alone in a housing unit, or a group of unrelated people sharing a housing unit such as partners or roomers, is also counted as a household.

A family includes a householder and one or more people living in the same household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption. All people in a household who are related to the householder are regarded as members of his or her family.

Own children means a child under 18 years old who is a son or daughter by birth, marriage (a stepchild), or adoption.

A nonfamily household consists of a householder living alone (a one-person household) or where the householder shares the home only with people to whom he/she is not related (e.g., a roomate).

Headers Database Headers Old Database Headers
Total households -
Families hh_families -
Married Couple Families - Total hh_mc_families -
Married Couple Families - With Own Children Under 18 Years hh_mc_with_own_children_under_18 -
Single Parent Families - Total hh_sp_families -
Single Parent Families - With Own Children Under 18 Years hh_sp_with_own_children_under_18 -
Non-families hh_non_families -

NOTES FROM THE US CENSUS BUREAU

Although the American Community Survey (ACS) produces population, demographic and housing unit estimates, the decennial census is the official source of population totals for April 1st of each decennial year. In between censuses, the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program produces and disseminates the official estimates of the population for the nation, states, counties, cities, and towns and estimates of housing units for states and counties.

Information about the American Community Survey (ACS) can be found on the ACS website. Supporting documentation including code lists, subject definitions, data accuracy, and statistical testing, and a full list of ACS tables and table shells (without estimates) can be found on the Technical Documentation section of the ACS website.

Sample size and data quality measures (including coverage rates, allocation rates, and response rates) can be found on the American Community Survey website in the Methodology section.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2018-2022 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see ACS Technical Documentation). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these tables.

The 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS) data generally reflect the March 2020 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) delineations of metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas. In certain instances, the names, codes, and boundaries of the principal cities shown in ACS tables may differ from the OMB delineation lists due to differences in the effective dates of the geographic entities.

Estimates of urban and rural populations, housing units, and characteristics reflect boundaries of urban areas defined based on Census 2020 data. As a result, data for urban and rural areas from the ACS do not necessarily reflect the results of ongoing urbanization.

Additional Help and Resources

You can access our Frequently Asked Questions to find answers to your questions. Some of the most popular questions are:

Where does the income data come from?

How do I know if this data is any good?

We love data questions. Email us at help@cubitplanning.com or call us at 1.800.939.2130.

Cubit family of Brands

Copyright © 2024 Cubit Planning, Inc