Demographic data nerds

Limited English Proficiency (LEP) in a Nutshell


Executive Order 13166 "Improving Access to Services for Persons with Limited English Proficiency" requires all recipients of federal funds to provide meaningful access to persons who are limited in their English proficiency (LEP).


This executive order was signed on August 11, 2000 by President Clinton.


United States of America


LEP persons do not speak English as their primary language and have a limited ability to read, speak, write, or understand English (67 FR 41459).


Executive Order 13166 clarifies the existing requirements to serve LEP persons under Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which prohibits national origin discrimination. Treating people differently based on English language ability can be a type of national origin discrimination.


Recipients of federal funds can comply with the requirements of Executive Order 13166 and Title VI by determining the steps to take to ensure meaningful access by completing an individualized assessment of the following four factors:

  • Factor 1. Number or proportion of LEP persons eligible to be served;
  • Factor 2. Frequency that LEP persons will be served;
  • Factor 3. Importance of the service to persons' lives; and
  • Factor 4. Resources available to the service provider and costs.

How you can meet LEP Requirements Faster

Cubit's Baseline Report helps you meet Factor 1. This report provides data about LEP populations, indirect literacy estimates, English Language Learners, migrant students, top 5 languages spoken, and the Department of Justice's Safe Harbor Threshold.

Build Your Report